Meteorologists have described the current winter heatwave in Europe as “unprecedented and extreme”, with Poland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Belarus, Lithuania and Latvia being the worst-hit and warmest on New Year’s Day. Also, Germany, France and Spain experienced record-breaking warm temperatures in January.
The development has been described by climatologist Maximiliano Herrera as “the most extreme event in European history” – this winter heatwave serves as a reminder that human-induced global warming is accelerating rapidly and supercharging these unusual weather conditions.
Regional director, Europe, for 350.org, Nicolò Wojewoda said: “A warm winter might not cause as much immediate, visible destruction as the extreme heat and floods that we saw across the world in 2022, but it is the latest alarm bell warning us that we can’t keep burning fossil fuels”.
This event follows the EU’s hottest summer on record in mid-2022 when a heatwave swept through the continent and resulted in thousands of deaths.
Also, it comes as part of the United States and Canada have been hit by severe snowstorms that have claimed 60 lives and left millions of people without power. Buffalo, New York was inundated with 120 centimetres of snowfall in 72 hours as Arctic winds swept through the continent.
The Arctic is one of the fastest-warming regions in the world and, according to scientists, anthropogenic climate change is resulting in a destabilisation of the polar weather system, driving polar air south as warm air is pushed north.
The organisation’s communications and digital director for US, Thanu Yakupitiyage said: “In the United States, not only are northern states facing deadly blizzards, but winter storms knocked out the power grid in southern states for days. This is now causing avoidable deaths annually. Our energy infrastructure is outdated and cannot keep up with extreme weather — we need infrastructure upgrades and a transition to renewable energy now.”
Climate impacts disproportionately affect communities in the global south that are the least responsible for fossil-fuel-induced climate change.
In March last year, India experienced the highest temperatures ever recorded and, from June to October, Pakistan experienced unprecedented flooding that affected millions of people. A World Bank report released last month suggests that heatwaves in India could soon “break the human survivability limit”.
Fossil-fuel-induced global warming will only increase the frequency and severity of heatwaves unless we make a swift, just transition to a renewable energy-charged global economy.
Accelerated investment in renewable energy and mechanisms to boost climate resilience, adaptation and mitigation are critical for alleviating the worst impacts of climate change.