A leading global ICT infrastructure and smart devices provider, Huawei has described data centres as critical infrastructure for the actualisation of digital economies and the foundation for digital transformation.
Speaking during the release of “Top 10 Trends of Data Center Facilities” white paper recently, president, data center facility domain of Huawei Digital Power Product Line, Mr. Fei Zhenfu, said: “In the new era, opportunities and challenges will coexist. Only by gaining deep insight into future trends, can we lead the future effectively.
“As remote offices, online education and live broadcasting are becoming increasingly popular, we are in an era of digitalisation and it is gaining momentum in various industries. Digital transformation in various industries is in fast-track mode. Data centres are the foundation of digital transformation.
“Some of the trends of data centre facilities identified in the report includ Zero Carbon DC.
“Carbon neutrality has become the most urgent mission in the world, triggering a green revolution. Green power, such as wind energy and solar energy, will be more widely used in data centres. It is an inevitable trend to maximise resource-saving (such as energy-saving, footprint-saving, water-saving and material-saving) in the entire life cycle of data centres. In the large data centre facility, thermal energy recovery is a new energy-saving solution. Data centre PUEs will enter the 1.0x Era and ‘zero carbon’ DCs will be a reality in near future,” the whitepaper disclosed.
Another trend discussed was high density. According to the report, “…in the next five years, IT devices will continue to evolve to high computing power and density and the CPU and server power will continue to increase. In addition, as the demand for AI applications grows, AI computing power will increase. To balance efficiency and cost, data centres will develop to high density. It is estimated that by 2025, diversified computing power collaboration will become the mainstream, and mainstream cloud data centres will form a hybrid deployment of 15–30 kW/cabinet.”
It also identified scalability as a trend that will continue to lead in the data centre segment saying, “The lifecycle of IT equipment is generally 3 to 5 years, and the power density is roughly doubled every 5 years. The lifecycle of data centre infrastructure is 10 to 15 years. The infrastructure must support elastic architecture and phased investment, and meet the power evolution requirements of two to three generations of IT devices with the optimal CAPEX. In addition, the data centre must be flexible to support the hybrid deployment of IT devices with different power densities, achieving on-demand capacity expansion scalability and space-saving.”
Some other trends mentioned include fast deployment, simple architecture and Lithium for all.
It also pointed out that the ‘Air In and Water Out’ model will replace traditional chilled water systems.
“Driven by complex O&M and higher PUE and aligning with carbon neutrality goals, traditional chilled water systems will be replaced. In addition, cooling systems with less or no water will become the mainstream. The modular indirect evaporative cooling system adopts an integrated product design, which shortens deployment time and simplifies O&M, while fully utilising natural cooling resources, it greatly reduces the power consumption of the cooling system.”
Systems will gravitate towards full digitisation. With the increasing digital transformation, digital, communications and AI technologies are increasingly applied. Digital twin technologies will become more widely used throughout the lifecycle of the data centre from planning, construction, maintenance and optimization, making All-DC visible, manageable, and controllable, delivering an excellent, full-lifecycle experience.
Finally, data centres will be more AI-driven; data centres will gradually replace manual operations such as repetitive work, expert experience, and business decision-making to AI-based autonomous driving.
They will also grow to be more secure and reliable as data centre infrastructures become more intelligent, network security threats are multiplied. The data centre must implement system-level, component-level, and device-level predictive maintenance. The data centre must have six features: hardware reliability, software security, system resilience, security, privacy, and always online availability. Hierarchical defence ensures data centre security and trustworthiness.
The report also shared Huawei’s vision for its future where it continuously implements the concept of green and sustainable development, helping achieve the goal of carbon neutrality.