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World Drowning Prevention Day: WHO Urges Global Community To Save Lives

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As the world marks World Drowning Prevention Day today (July 25, 2022), the World Health Organisation (WHO) issued a call for people around the world to “do one thing” to prevent drowning.

A statement by the world health body, identified drowning as one of the leading causes of death globally for children and young people aged 1 to 24 and the third leading cause of injury-related deaths overall.

“Drowning tragically claims more than 236 000 lives each year,” the statement said and added that, to galvanise action and mark World Drowning Prevention Day, the Jet d’Eau in Geneva will be illuminated in blue this evening, accompanied by similar actions in other cities around the world.

The statement pointed out that more than 90 per cent of drowning deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, with children under the age of 5 being at the highest risk.

It highlighted that these deaths are frequently linked to daily, routine activities, such as bathing, collecting water for domestic use, travelling over water on boats or ferries and fishing. The impacts of seasonal or extreme weather events – including monsoons – are also a frequent cause of drowning and these impacts are largely preventable through several interventions.

“Every year, around the world, hundreds of thousands of people drown. Most of these deaths are preventable through evidence-based, low-cost solutions,” said WHO director-general Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. “Today, cities around the world are lighting up their monuments in blue light as a call to action for each of us to do our part to prevent drowning. Let’s put a stop to drowning.

“Drowning is a global public health challenge and at Bloomberg Philanthropies, we’re focused on implementing solutions to prevent it. Today, we’re joining our partners around the world in recognising World Drowning Prevention Day and taking action,” said the founder of Bloomberg Philanthropies and WHO global ambassador for noncommunicable diseases and injuries, Michael R. Bloomberg. “In many cases, we know what works to prevent drowning. We’ve developed tools and guidance to help governments implement solutions – and if we do more together we really can save thousands of lives.”

WHO recommends 6 evidence-based measures to prevent drowning, including installing barriers controlling access to water, training bystanders in safe rescue and resuscitation, teaching school-aged children basic swimming and water safety skills, providing supervised daycare for children, setting and enforcing safe boating, shipping and ferry regulations and improving flood risk management.

This year, the theme of World Drowning Prevention Day invites the global community to “do one thing” to prevent drowning. Examples of actions that can be taken include Individuals sharing drowning prevention and water safety advice with their families, friends and colleagues, signing up for swimming or water safety lessons, or supporting local drowning prevention charities and groups; Groups hosting public events to share water safety information, launch water safety campaigns or commit to developing or delivering new drowning prevention programmes using recommended best practice interventions; Governments developing or announcing new drowning prevention policies, strategies, legislation or investment, convene multisectoral roundtables or parliamentary discussions on drowning burden and solutions and introducing or committing to supporting drowning prevention programming domestically or internationally.

Many countries in the world have committed to drowning prevention programmes. Bangladesh has started a three-year programme to reduce drowning among children throughout the country. As part of the programme, the government will take over the 2,500 daycares established and funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies since 2012 and will expand the programme by adding 5 500 daycares to provide supervision to 200 000 children ages 1–5 years. 

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