The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has explained that the existing arbitrage fueled by the prevailing huge price differentials in pump price of petrol in Nigeria and neighbouring countries is responsible for the smuggling of petroleum products in the country.
In a presentation at an interactive session by the Joint Senate Committee on the 2022-2024 Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) and Fiscal Strategy Paper (FSP), the NNPC group managing director, Mallam Mele Kyari, said with a price difference of over N100 per litre between what is sold in Nigeria and in countries around the nation, it was difficult to cage the activities of petrol smugglers.
He, however, added though the corporation, working in concert with other agencies, had made noticeable progress in combating the menace, the battle was yet to be won.
“As long as there is arbitrage between the price that you sell and what is obtainable elsewhere, you can be sure that it is very difficult to contain the situation,” he said.
The NNPC boss emphasized that the activities of smugglers have also made it difficult for the country to determine the actual consumption figures for petrol, noting that the corporation could only know what was trucked out from loading depots across the country but could not determine how much of that was consumed in-country.
On the MTEF assumptions, the GMD reiterated a base oil price scenario of $57 per barrel for 2022, $61 per barrel for 2023 and $62 per barrel for 2024 predicated on a base national production of 1.883 million barrels per day in 2022, 2.234 million barrels per day in 2023 and 2.218 million barrels per day in 2024.
Kyari explained that the assumptions were arrived at after consultations with the Ministry of Finance and other relevant stakeholders while also undertaking a careful appraisal of the three-year historical dated Brent Oil Price average of $59.07 per barrel premised on Platts Spot Prices among other considerations.
He reiterated that price growth was to be moderated by the lingering concerns over COVID-19, increased energy efficiency as well as obvious switching due to increased utilization of gas and alternatives for electricity generation.
A statement by the NNPC group general manager, group public affairs division, Garba Muhammad, said the senate joint committee session was chaired by Senator Solomon Adeola, with members drawn from the senate committees on finance, national planning, foreign and local debts, banking, insurance, and other financial institutions, petroleum resources upstream, downstream petroleum sector and gas.